SCARBOROUGH, 07 October 2012. On the morning of Sunday 7 October, the air in the room where the participatory 3D model is being built, is tense but hopeful. Trainees, facilitators and informants work at a steady pace, but there is animated discussion on the ICC Twenty 20 Cricket World Cup game between the West Indies and Sri Lanka, being played halfway across the world. Later in the day, after much anxiety, the West Indies is declared the winner of the cricket match and there is a brief pause to celebrate!
|A facilitator assists one of the informants in |
putting detail onto the model
Jacinthe Amyot of IOC-UNESCO/Marine Affairs Program, Dalhousie University/Canadian International Development Agency IYIP says that after hearing fishermen talk about the effects of the Orinoco river on the Tobago shrimp fishing industry, she has developed a keen appreciation for its effects. She says this information will inform her actions in the future.
|Cocoa farmers discuss their |
contributions to the model
Meantime, a steady stream of informants continues to trickle in. They had stayed at home in the earlier part of the day to watch the World Cup cricket match while others had gone to church, as is the local tradition. Members of the Cocoa Farmers Association of Tobago (TCFA) and various fisherfolk associations throughout the island transpose their spatial knowledge on the model with the guidance of the facilitators. The farmers talk about the climatic changes they have observed and they also identify areas where cocoa farms exist and verify other bits of information on the model. The farmers share how changes in climate have affected the cocoa crop cycles and caused a high level of unpredictability over the years.
Clement Bobb, President of the Cocoa Farmers Association, says the “sporadic rainfall - short burst of intense rain followed by hot sun – means that there is a longer bearing season”. This kind of weather is causing the trees to flower all year round, he says. Mr. Bobb adds, “we do not know when to plant”.
|A fisherman adds information to the model|
Similarly, informant Andre Greene, a fisherman from Parlatuvier, says the P3DM exercise is generating “vibrant information for the coming generations”. He thinks that segments of the model would have to be updated as changes occur due to the impact of climate change. On the issue of fish stock, Andre says it is “getting harder to find fishes in the sea, all year long”. He has to go further out to the sea and stay further away from other fishing vessels. He mentions that while he appreciates the value to the country of natural gas exploration taking place at Block 22 just off the north coast of Tobago, he has concerns that this activity may be a contributory factor to the low level of fish stock.
In the meantime, as informants come and go, they transpose their mental maps on the model and check existing ones. It is a process of constant cross-checking and verification marked by recurrent negotiations.
There is discussion, sometimes heated, on where lines, areas and points should be located. When there is no consensus, CANARI facilitators and Participatory GIS experts Kenn Mondiai from Papua New Guinea and Kail Zingapan from the Philippines come in to assist.
The workshop is soon drawing to a close, with only four more days to go. In that time, the facilitators look forward to welcome new teams of informants coming from the south western end of the island.
- Knowledge holders add value to the 3D model of Tobago
- Tobago P3DM - The missing islet
- Blank 3D model of Tobago accommodates first set of community inputs
- P3DM blank model of Tobago ready for accommodating community’s knowledge
- Participatory 3D Modelling in Tobago - key venues
- Caribbean nationals eager to develop P3DM in their countries: "P3DM a unique, totally new experience"
- Participatory 3D Modelling exercise kicks off with much gusto in Tobago
- ICTs for Climate Change Adaptation: Introduction of innovative technologies in the Caribbean
- Tobagonians will build a participatory 3D model of Tobago to plan for impacts of climate change and extreme climatic events
- Participatory 3D Modelling (P3DM): five years after receiving the World Summit Award